The notorious Defence Regulation 18B, often referred to as simply 18B, was one of the Defence Regulations used by the British Government during the Second World War. It allowed the internment without trial of people suspected of being actively opposed to the ongoing war with Germany during the Second World War, pacifist and separatist elements, for example Irish republicans or were otherwise suspected of ideological sympathy (this included members of the British Union of Fascists and similar groups). The effect of 18B was to suspend the right of affected individuals to habeas corpus. They and often their families were to be put in jail or internment camps without trial.
The pro-Reich King Edward VIII, who had been forced to abdicated in 1936 would instead of the throne marry the then Wallis Simpson. King Edward VIII had been causing embarrassment to the British government in the immediate pre-war years by cultivating contacts with Hitler’s Germany and was actively involved in pursuing peace. Fatally, he had dare utter the words: ‘There will be no war with Germany while I am king.’
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